Bihar has a population of 121 million people and is one of the most densely populated states in east India. Bihar has the highest number of youth as compared to other states. There are 2 million people living in Patna alone. Growing population has an adverse effect on economic growth such as reduced rate of capital income, increased unemployment, declined social infrastructure and poverty.
After China, India is the most populated country with the 2nd ranking in the world population. The major reasons of increasing population are ignorance, illiteracy and superstition. The awareness campaigns on population have been partially effective but there is still a long way to go on. To educate people on the adverse effect of population many campaigns, advertisements and seminars are organized by the government on district level. All these activities are funded by United Nations Funding for Population Activities (UNFPA).
The alarming growth in world population is an issue of concern. According to the UN report there is a total imbalance between the optimum population growth and healthy nation.
To raise awareness on the population issues United Nation observed July 11 as the world population day. The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations development program in 1989. World Population Day aims to increase people’s awareness on various population issues such as the importance of family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health and human rights.
It was suggested by Dr. KC Zachariah, when he worked as Demographer at World Bank and world population reached 5 billion.
The world population increases by 100 million approximately every 14 months. The world population reached 7,400,000,000 on February 6, 2016; the world population had reached 7,500,000,000 on April 24, 2017.
The UN authorized the event as a tool to build awareness on population issues and the impact they have on development and environment. On this day various activities are organize to encourage family planning and maternal health to reaffirm human rights to plan for a family and make this right a reality throughout the world.
UN has taken an initiative to educate and aware people on the effect of population and the need to control it.
St Xavier’s College, Patna